CHOLESTEROL- WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
Cholesterol is a fat-like, waxy substance found in our body.
The two major cholesterols found in our body are low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL).
LDL, oft known as “bad cholesterol,” is made by your body and also absorbed by your body from cholesterol-rich foods such as red meat and dairy products. LDL can combine with other fats and substances in your blood, creating blockages in your arteries.
Blockages in your arteries can reduce your blood flow and cause serious health problems such as heart disease, heart attack, or stroke.
Because of its potential effects, lower levels of LDL are recommended.
HDL, oft known as “good cholesterol,” has a protective effect on your heart. HDL transports harmful cholesterol out of your arteries. It is often recommended to have a higher level of HDL cholesterol.
Causes of elevated lipids?
1. Lifestyle factors: Lack of exercise, being overweight, smoking, skipping meals and eating large portions of foods at one time.
2. Dietary factors: Excessive intake of alcohol, saturated and trans fat, sugar, starch and calories.
3. Medical history: Poorly controlled diabetes, insulin resistance (a precursor to diabetes), polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), kidney disease, some medications and family history.
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Do you know your cholesterol levels?
Have you checked your cholesterol levels?