Foeniculum vulgare is a perennial plant known for its culinary, medicinal and aromatic uses. It is native to the Mediterranean region but is now being produced in different parts of the world. India’s production of fennel accounts for 60% of the global output at 584,000 tonnes per annum, followed by China, Bulgaria, and Iran.
Medically, it helps in combating anemia in patients through its iron, histidine, and amino acid properties. It is instrumental in aiding indigestion, and constipation. The fennel plant also acts as an anti-inflammatory for eye conditions like glaucoma, helps in chronic cough relief, alleviates flatulence, treats gastrointestinal conditions, boosts breast milk production in women, and acts as a natural antidote for poisons from other plants.
It is also found to be an appetite suppressant, and possess properties that fight cancer. Fennels also improve brain functionality, regulate body temperature - including menstruation in women, and are used for the treatment of respiratory disorders.